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throttle 和 debounce 函数

一、throttle 函数节流

节流就是控制函数执行的频率,比如mousemove、window对象的resize和scroll 事件等,这些事件出发频率都很高。所以我们会用节流函数进行封装,以提高性能。 function throttle(func, wait, options) { var leading = true, trailing = true;

  if (typeof func != 'function') {
    throw new TypeError(FUNC_ERROR_TEXT);
  }
  if (isObject(options)) {
    leading = 'leading' in options ? !!options.leading : leading;
    trailing = 'trailing' in options ? !!options.trailing : trailing;
  }
  return debounce(func, wait, {
    'leading': leading,
    'maxWait': wait,
    'trailing': trailing
  });
}

二、debounce 函数去抖

debounce和throttle很像,debounce是空闲时间必须大于或等于一定值的时候,才会执行调用方法。

 function debounce(func, wait, options) {
      var lastArgs,
          lastThis,
          maxWait,
          result,
          timerId,
          lastCallTime,
          lastInvokeTime = 0,
          leading = false,
          maxing = false,
          trailing = true;
  if (typeof func != 'function') {
    throw new TypeError(FUNC_ERROR_TEXT);
  }
  wait = toNumber(wait) || 0;
  if (isObject(options)) {
    leading = !!options.leading;
    maxing = 'maxWait' in options;
    maxWait = maxing ? nativeMax(toNumber(options.maxWait) || 0, wait) : maxWait;
    trailing = 'trailing' in options ? !!options.trailing : trailing;
  }

  function invokeFunc(time) {
    var args = lastArgs,
        thisArg = lastThis;

    lastArgs = lastThis = undefined;
    lastInvokeTime = time;
    result = func.apply(thisArg, args);
    return result;
  }

  function leadingEdge(time) {
    // Reset any `maxWait` timer.
    lastInvokeTime = time;
    // Start the timer for the trailing edge.
    timerId = setTimeout(timerExpired, wait);
    // Invoke the leading edge.
    return leading ? invokeFunc(time) : result;
  }

  function remainingWait(time) {
    var timeSinceLastCall = time - lastCallTime,
        timeSinceLastInvoke = time - lastInvokeTime,
        result = wait - timeSinceLastCall;

    return maxing ? nativeMin(result, maxWait - timeSinceLastInvoke) : result;
  }

  function shouldInvoke(time) {
    var timeSinceLastCall = time - lastCallTime,
        timeSinceLastInvoke = time - lastInvokeTime;

    // Either this is the first call, activity has stopped and we're at the
    // trailing edge, the system time has gone backwards and we're treating
    // it as the trailing edge, or we've hit the `maxWait` limit.
    return (lastCallTime === undefined || (timeSinceLastCall >= wait) ||
      (timeSinceLastCall < 0) || (maxing && timeSinceLastInvoke >= maxWait));
  }

  function timerExpired() {
    var time = now();
    if (shouldInvoke(time)) {
      return trailingEdge(time);
    }
    // Restart the timer.
    timerId = setTimeout(timerExpired, remainingWait(time));
  }

  function trailingEdge(time) {
    timerId = undefined;

    // Only invoke if we have `lastArgs` which means `func` has been
    // debounced at least once.
    if (trailing && lastArgs) {
      return invokeFunc(time);
    }
    lastArgs = lastThis = undefined;
    return result;
  }

  function cancel() {
    if (timerId !== undefined) {
      clearTimeout(timerId);
    }
    lastInvokeTime = 0;
    lastArgs = lastCallTime = lastThis = timerId = undefined;
  }

  function flush() {
    return timerId === undefined ? result : trailingEdge(now());
  }

  function debounced() {
    var time = now(),
        isInvoking = shouldInvoke(time);

    lastArgs = arguments;
    lastThis = this;
    lastCallTime = time;

    if (isInvoking) {
      if (timerId === undefined) {
        return leadingEdge(lastCallTime);
      }
      if (maxing) {
        // Handle invocations in a tight loop.
        timerId = setTimeout(timerExpired, wait);
        return invokeFunc(lastCallTime);
      }
    }
    if (timerId === undefined) {
      timerId = setTimeout(timerExpired, wait);
    }
    return result;
  }
  debounced.cancel = cancel;
  debounced.flush = flush;
  return debounced;
}

三、区别

我们用一个输入框的例子来解释一下这两个函数的区别,节流函数可以运用在保存按钮上,如果你连续点击保存按钮时,可以控制最短保存间隔为一秒,这样就能去掉重复请求;而去抖函数可以用在自动保存上,只有停止编辑一秒之后才会触发保存功能,如果这一秒内又重新开始编辑,就会取消计时器。所以再涉及重复调用的问题上都可用这两个函数进行优化。

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